In the last Blogs, we took a detailed view at NATA 2020, its pattern, syllabus and schedule. We also looked into the NATA Drawing Part, along with three microblogs focusing on three questions asked in the Drawing section, which comprised of 125 marks, a whopping 62.5% of the total marks in NATA. In the next two blogs, we would be taking into consideration the MCQ section of NATA 2020.
NATA 2020, as per the new pattern has made few changes in its exam patterns where 50 questions carry a total of 75 marks are allotted to MCQ section. Each question has 1.5 marks for a correct response. There is no negative marking scheme for this section. This MCQ section will be a CBT (Computer-based test) i.e., Online Test. Students will get a combined 45 minutes to solve this section. There are again two sections of this.
A) General Aptitude: 52.5 Marks (35 Questions, 1.5 marks each)
B) PCM section : 22.5 Marks (15 Question, 1.5 marks each)
If we go by the brochure, the syllabus given in the brochure for the ‘General Aptitude’ section is as follows:
‘Objects, texture related to architecture and the built environment. Interpretation of pictorial compositions, Visualizing three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawing. Visualizing different sides of 3D objects. Analytical reasoning, mental ability (visual, numerical and verbal), General awareness of national/ international architects and famous architectural creations’ (Now, for the sake of convenience, we have excluded the ‘mathematical reasoning’ and ‘Set, Relations and Functions’ section since this blog will specifically discuss General Aptitude.)
Analysing the syllabus we can further categorize the General Aptitude section into three parts-
1) Architecture general Knowledge
2) Spatial and Non Verbal Ability
3) Mental Ability
Let’s have a look at each one in detail
Since NATA is an Architecture Aptitude test, and Architectural General knowledge is one of the indicators of inclination towards architecture, it is natural that NATA has included these type of questions in the exam. If we see our previous year NATA breakdown, we can safely say that around 40-50% of the questions i.e., around 10-12 questions which is about 15-18 marks out of 52.5 marks come from this section. As per the syllabus, you should know ‘Objects, texture related to architecture and the built environment’. But questions are asked on a much wider spectrum. Questions can be asked on knowledge of Famous Buildings in India and World, Architects, Monuments, Environment, Green Architecture etc along with Building elements, Materials, Climatology etc. To start with you can Google the following topics and make your own notes-
Architecture Aptitude: General
1) Famous Buildings India
2) Famous Buildings World
3) Famous Places : Planned Cities, Historically important places etc
4) Indian and International Architects
5) Forts, Palaces, Bridges, Dams, Temples, Rivers
6) The basic geography of India
Architecture aptitude: Technical
1) Building Elements
2) Building Materials
3) Architecture Terms
4) Green Architecture
6) Climatology in Architecture
Or you can take a look at our freemium study material for NATA 2020.
The second important section of NATA General Aptitude is Non-Verbal and Spatial Ability. This can include questions like a mirror image, water image, no of triangles, Paper cutting/folding, series and sequence, Odd man out etc. and Spatial ability questions such as 3D to Plan/ Elevation, number of faces etc. Around 25-30% percent of questions are based on this type of questions. These questions are simple and easy to score with little bit of practice and patience. Practice is the key in this section. You can go for previous year JEE Paper 2 question papers for practice as a lot of questions in previous NATA exams have appeared from JEE Paper 2.
The last type of questions can be classified as a Mental Ability type. Around 25-30% percent of questions are based on this type of questions. Although Non-verbal aptitude (technically) comes under Mental ability, we have combined them with visual type questions i.e., Spatial Ability. In this type of questions, you can expect questions from three basic domains
a) Arithmetic Ability
Questions on Area, Volume, Clock, Time & Work, Time and Distance, Average, Percentage, Probability etc. can be asked.
b) Verbal Reasoning
Questions on Venn Diagrams, Seating Arrangements, Direction sense, Blood relation test, Syllogism can be asked.
c) Logical Reasoning
Questions on Number Series, Analogies, Verbal reasoning, Artificial language etc can be asked.
All in all, the above topics sounds like a lot but if you manage your time efficiently, you should not face any issues with this section. For your better understanding, we are giving you a simple time management schedule for these
1) Architecture Aptitude : General and Technical
Google the terms we’ve mentioned in both “General’ and ‘technical’ Aptitude. Go to as many websites as possible and try to sort out the data. It is vital that you write all this stuff down and compile your own material, hence you don’t need to surf and look for it again and again. Make sure you are also bookmarking important links. You should do this daily for around 2 hours. Review your notes as many times as possible.
2) Non Verbal and Spatial Ability
These questions are simple and easy to score. You can practice appropriate question type from the previous year’s JEE Paper 2 question papers. You will also learn a lot of Architecture Aptitude Questions from JEE Paper 2 question papers as well. You should devote around 1 hour for this. Focus on speed and accuracy.
3) Mental Ability
For this section, you can get ‘Mental Ability’ books which have the following sections. A book we would recommend is R.S. Agrawal’s series on mental ability. Generally speaking, these questions are not that difficult and can be solved with common sense as well but practising is extremely important. The best option is to go in the following order since weight for the questions on these topics is in descending order, which is given below.
1) Arithmetic ability
2) Verbal Reasoning
3) Logical reasoning
You should reserve around 1 hour for this section daily.
If you are going for coaching, they should have provided you with a comprehensive study and practice materials containing all the topics along with previous years question papers. That should be enough. But if not, and just to be extra sure that you are not missing on anything, we would suggest Arihant’s ‘Guide to B.Arch’.
To be honest, General Aptitude section is not that difficult and it’s pretty easy to score 40+ in this section provided you have access to right study material, practised enough and have general intelligence. It’s always good to get your hands on a study material + Test series, since it helps in boosting your confidence and saving your much valuable time. But even if you have got study material, never rely completely on that. Explore by your own. Research about the topics we mentioned above. Remember, knowledge is power…and in NATA 2020’s case, more the knowledge you compile, better the chance of you getting your dream college.
This was our analysis of NATA 2020: General Aptitude section.
We will be discussing NATA 2020: PCM section in detail.
Till then, Keep Practicing
Best of luck, do well.